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About Archery

Choose Your Bow

There are three main types of bows that you will see being shot at Wellington Bowmen and they are:

  • Longbow – they first recorded in use during battle in 1298 and were a dominant weapon on the battlefield until the mid-16th century. The bows are characterized by their simplicity: they consist of a long, slightly curved piece of wood the same height as the archer and do not have arrow rests or sights.
  • Recurve Bow – Recurve bows were historically used by horsemen. These bows are named for their distinct shape: the central parts of the limbs curve toward the archer, and the tips of the limbs curve away from the archer. Recurve bows are used to teach archery, and beginners often start with a barebow recurve, which only has a string, an arrow rest, bow limbs and a riser to help balance the bow. Components such as sights, pressure buttons, clickers and stabilizers are added to the bow as the archery student becomes more skilled.
  • Compound Bow – Compound bows were first produced in the 1960s and involve an innovative system of cables, pulleys and eccentric cams that assist the archer in holding a heavy draw weight at full draw. This system gives archers time to aim a powerful bow without causing excessive muscle fatigue. However, a good deal of strength is needed to initially draw the bow.

Rules of shooting

ArcheryGB maintain and publish the Rules of Shooting.

Rounds

Today there are a large number of archery rounds which can be shot either at the Club or at a Tournament, whether Indoor or Outdoor. A round is a set number of arrows shot at specific distances on a target face of a given size. The two main types of round are imperial rounds and metric rounds.

Imperial Rounds

In imperial rounds, the distances are measured in yards and only one size target face is used (122cm diameter) when shooting outdoors. Also, outdoor imperial rounds only use the five-zone scoring face (i.e. 9 for gold, 7 for red, 5 for blue, 3 for black, 1 for white).

Metric Rounds

Under the metric system, distances are measured in metres, a 10-Zone scoring face is used (i.e. 10 for inner gold, 9 for outer gold, 8 for inner red, 7 for outer red and so on) and outdoor rounds use two sizes of target face, 122cm at the longer distances, 80cm at the shorter.

Indoor Rounds

Indoor archery rounds use a variety of different size target faces for the different rounds, refer to the GNAS Rules of Shooting for all the details.

Scoring Zones

The picture below shows the difference between 10-zone (left) and 5-zone (right) scoring.

List of Rounds

The numbers in the tables below are the number of dozen arrows shot at each distance for each round. The furthest distance is always shot first and the closest distance is always shot last.

Imperial Rounds – Outdoor (5 Zone Scoring)
Round Name 122 cm Target Face
100yds 80 yds 60 yds 50 yds 40yds 30yds 20yds 10yds Max Score
York 6 4 2 1296
Hereford 6 4 2 1296
Bristol II 6 4 2 1296
Bristol III 6 4 2 1296
Bristol IV 6 4 2 1296
Bristol V 6 4 2 1296
St.George 3 3 3 972
Albion 3 3 3 972
Windsor 3 3 3 972
Short Windsor 3 3 3 972
Junior Windsor 3 3 3 972
Short Junior Windsor 3 3 3 972
New Western 4 4 864
Long Western 4 4 864
Western 4 4 864
Short Western 4 4 864
Junior Western 4 4 864
Short Junior Western 4 4 864
American 2.5 2.5 2.5 810
St.Nicholas 4 3 756
New National 4 2 648
Long National 4 2 648
National 4 2 648
Short National 4 2 648
Junior National 4 2 648
Short Junior National 4 2 648
New Warwick 2 2 432
Long Warwick 2 2 432
Warwick 2 2 432
Short Warwick 2 2 432
Junior Warwick 2 2 432
Short Junior Warwick 2 2 432
Imperial Rounds – Indoor (10 Zone Scoring)
Round Name Distance Face Size Dozens Max Score
Portsmouth 20 yds 60 cm 5 600
Bray 1 20 yds 40 cm 2.5 300
Bray 11 25 yds 60 cm 2.5 300
Metric Rounds – Outdoor (10 Zone Scoring)
122 cm Target Face 80 cm Target Face Max Score
Round Name 90
mtr
70
mtr
60
mtr
50
mtr
40
mtr
30
mtr
20
mtr
50
mtr
40
mtr
30
mtr
20
mtr
15
mtr
10
mtr
FITA (Gents) 3 3 3 3 1440
FITA (Ladies) 3 3 3 3 1440
Metric II 3 3 3 3 1440
Metric III 3 3 3 3 1440
Metric IV 3 3 3 3 1440
Metric V 3 3 3 3 1440
FITA 900 2.5 2.5 2.5 900
FITA 70m 6 720
FITA 60m 6 720
FITA 50m 6 720
Half FITA (Gents) 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 720
Half FITA (Ladies) 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 720
Half Metric II 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 720
Half Metric III 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 720
Half Metric IV 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 720
Half Metric V 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 720
Long Metric (Gents) 3 3 720
Long Metric (Ladies) 3 3 720
Long Metric II 3 3 720
Long Metric III 3 3 720
Long Metric IV 3 3 720
Long Metric V 3 3 720
Short Metric I 3 3 720
Short Metric II 3 3 720
Short Metric III 3 3 720
Short Metric IV 3 3 720
Short Metric V 3 3 720
FITA Standard Bow 3 3 720
Metric Rounds – Indoor (10 Zone Scoring)
Round Name Distance Face Size Dozens Max Score
FITA 18 18 mtr 40 cm 5 600
FITA 25 25 mtr 60 cm 5 600
Combined Fita 18 & 25 mtr 40 & 60 cm 10 1200
Stafford 30 mtr 80 cm 6 720